The cut process is what makes a gemstone takes on a certain shape, displays its brightness and color, allowing it to be used in jewelry. Many times a gem ends up going unnoticed because only after this work they begin to reflect the light, gaining the brightness and transparency for which they are famous.
Cut is nothing more than cutting the surface of a stone into several flat faces, known as facets. This technique requires great experience and knowledge from the artisan or cutter, whose purpose is to show the best characteristics of a precious stone taking into account its color, clarity and weight. The stoning makes the stone brighter and more valuable.
Below you will check the main cuts and their differences.
The bright-cut, round-shaped, is the most popular among them, as it ensures that the maximum light is reflected, creating brightness. Contour variations can be in the oval, drop, and navette shapes (which resemble the shape of a “boat”), known as modified brilliants.
Step is another type of cut, formed by several parallel steps, as already says the name itself. The more fragile corners of the stones can be removed, creating octagonal stones. The most famous step cut is the emerald!
The main representative is the cabochon, which is a simple trim used to display the colors and optical effects of gemstones. The upper part is cut in a rounded shape, and the lower part is flat or slightly convex.
For each type of cut, there are several shapes: round, oval, triangular, hexagonal, navette, among many others. It is important not to confuse type of cut with shape (cut), because two stones of the same origin can have different cuts and shapes and be equally wonderful.